[BCNnet] 1. Birds and Climate change/ 2. Test Case WTGs in IBAs
Bjdurk at aol.com
Bjdurk at aol.com
Thu Feb 19 11:44:53 CST 2009
1. When will Best Science US FWS interim wind turbine siting guidelines be
required instead of voluntary observance?
Donald Michael Fry, PhD Director, Pesticides and Birds Program of the
American Bird Conservancy to Chairwoman Bordello and distinguished members of the
Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans Subcommittee on May 1, 2007; Oversight
Hearing on: “Gone with the Wind: Impacts of Wind Turbines on Birds and Bats.” :
“The Fish and Wildlife Service developed an interim series of voluntary
siting guidelines in 2003, and revised them after a prolonged comment period in
2005. Federal guidelines must be required rather than voluntary. The wind
industry has provided ample evidence that voluntary guidelines are regarded as
unimportant and are thus summarily dismissed”
Subject: House Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans Oversight
Hearing on "Going, Going, Gone? An Assessment of the Global Decline in Bird
Held: Thursday, July 10, 2008, at 10:00 a.m.
Testimony (excerpt only):
George Wallace, PhD
Vice President for International Programs
American Bird Conservancy
"Last year, my colleague at ABC, Dr. Michael Fry presented testimony to the
full Committee on the ongoing impact of commercial wind energy production.
While the actual number of birds killed by wind turbines is unknown, estimates
have been made in the range of 30,000 to 60,000 birds per year at the
current level of wind development. However, the wind industry is prepared to
increase the number of turbines 30 fold over the next 20 years in order to
fulfill the President’s request that renewable energy projects supply 20% of the
nation’s energy needs by 2030. At the current estimated mortality rate, the
wind industry will be killing 900,000 to 1.8 million birds per year. While this
number is a relatively small percentage of the total number of birds
estimated to live in North America, many of the bird species being killed are
already declining for other reasons, and losses of more than a million birds per
year would exacerbate these declines.
ABC recommends that any renewal of the production tax credit by Congress
include provisions that require minimizing bird and bat kills by wind projects,
and require developers to follow standard Best Management Practices in
avoiding and minimizing bird and wildlife impacts in order to qualify for the full,
The Department of the Interior and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service guidelines
for siting wind towers in 2003:
"--Avoid placing turbines in documented locations of any species of
wildlife, fish, or plant protected under the ESA.
-- Avoid locating turbines in known local bird-migration pathways or in
areas where birds are highly concentrated, unless mortality risk is low (e.g.,
birds rarely enter the rotor-swept area). Examples of high-concentration areas
for birds are wetlands, state or federal refuges, private duck clubs, staging
areas, rookeries, roosts, riparian areas along streams, and landfills.
-- Avoid known daily-movement flyways (e.g., between roosting and feeding
areas) and areas with a high incidence of fog, mist, low cloud ceilings, and
2. How will US FWS, or MMS, reduce harm to endangered wildlife present in
Nantucket Sound, post-construction Cape Wind, as the technology to count bird
carcasses caused by wind turbines over water does not exist?
April 21, 2008 USFWS provided to Dr. Cluck, Cape Wind Project Manager of
MMS, this comments on the Cape Wind MMS DEIS:
"The current framework that MMS is proposing would forgo refinement of
pre-construction study protocols and set in motion an adaptive management process
that would be doomed to failure because effective techniques to perform
post-construction monitoring simply do not exist."
CAlifornians for Renewable Energy President-Michael Boyd:
"The Cape Wind project is sited over water so there is no way to quantify
the impact of wind turbines on avian species because we have no way to count
bird and bat carcases like we do in the Altamont Pass California where the
turbines are over land. This also means that adaptive management will not work
since we have no way to gage the impact of mitigation measures for these wind
By Chris Metinko, Inside Bay Area 4/24/07 (answering, Who is Michael Boyd?)
"A lawsuit filed against the county in October by the Golden Gate Audubon
Society, Californians for Renewable Energy and four other local Audubon
chapters challenged the county’s decision o renew permits for Altamont Pass wind
turbines. A subsequent settlement forces the wind industry to commit to a 50
percent reduction in raptor deaths by November 2009, and remove the deadliest
turbines and continuing winter shutdowns of the wind machines." [cut]
3. As endangered species present in Nantucket Sound are "at the brink of
extinction", and Adaptive Management is "doomed to failure" according to US
FWS, how will MMS avoid immitigable and illegal environmental damage,
"extinction", post-construction Cape Wind?
Cape Cod Times 4/22/08
Roseate terns: 'On the brink of extinction'
"The roseate tern is listed as endangered, but we believe it is on the brink
of extinction," said Jack Clarke, public policy director for the
Massachusetts Audubon Society." Cape Cod Times 4/22/08.
Mass Audubon's testimony on Cape Wind to the USACE:
The President of Mass Audubon, Laura A. Johnson, submitted Mass Audubon's
comments on the Cape Wind DEIS on February 23, 2005; to Ms. Karen Kirk Adams,
the Cape Wind Energy Project Manager U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New England
District -- Reference File No. NAE-2004-338-1, EOEA No. 12643:
"By utilizing other bird mortality data provided in the DEIS, Mass Audubon
staff scientists arrived at avian mortalities that ranged from 2,300 to 6,600
collision deaths per year." _http://www.massaudubon.org/PDF/CapeWindDEIS.pdf_
Dr. Fry of ABC May 1, 2007; testimony to Chairwoman Bordello continued...
"Biological Significance of wind turbine mortality"
"Collaborative efforts to successfully address the impacts of wind projects
on birds and wildlife have been a failure”
"While the actual number of birds killed by wind turbines is unknown,
estimates have been made in the range of 30,000 to 60,000 per year at the current
level of wind development. The wind industry is prepared to increase the
number of turbines 30 fold over the next 20 years, in order to fulfill the
President’s request that renewable energy projects supply 20% of the nation’s
energy needs by 2030.
At the current estimated mortality rate, the wind industry will be killing
900,000 to 1.8 million birds per year." [cut]
‘From 'Selling the Wind' National Audubon, on wind tower siting:
“The fear is that with all the new wind farms rolling out, there is a new
Altamont being created today,” says Greg Butcher, National Audubon’s director
of bird conservation. “But because we don’t have the data, we just don’t
know about it."
"The exact reasons for the improvement are a matter of debate, but
collisions seem far fewer when wind farms keep out of major flyways and give a wide
berth to rich prey sites like Altamont and attractive bird habitats such as
wetlands. Some researchers speculate that modern technology also helps reduce
the risks, since newer turbines allow the same amount of electricity to be
generated with far fewer turbines."
_The House Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife and Oceans_
Testimony of Donald Michael Fry, PhD Director, Pesticides and Birds Program
American Bird Conservancy
May 1, 2007
Room 1324 Longworth House Office Building.
American Bird Conservancy, ABC:
Donald Michael Fry, PhD Director, Pesticides and Birds Program
American Bird Conservancy
May 1, 2007
"Identification of important bird areas. These areas should be off-limits
to wind development unless adequate preventative measures can be discovered to
minimize incidental take of protected bird species."
"Sites requiring special scrutiny include sites that are frequented by
federally listed endangered species of birds and bats, in known bird migration
pathways, areas where birds are highly concentrated, and areas that have
landscape features known to attract large numbers of raptors."
It is important and relevant to Cape Wind to note: "...the American Bird
Conservancy has designated Cape Cod and the nearby islands as an Important
Bird Area" 'Killer Wind' by Joe Eaton.
Altamont CA wind tower siting workshop:
“Altamont Pass turbines still killing birds of prey”
January 12, 2008
“Year-old plan to reduce the number of birds killed by turbines isn't
San Francisco Chronicle: January 2, 2008 page A 1:
THE DEADLY TOLL OF WIND POWER
“Despite yearlong effort to curb bird deaths by turbines on the Altamont
Pass, many still have perished…”
Dr. Fry's testimony of May 1, 2007:
THIS IS THE LEGAL QUAGMIRE WE MUST AVOID...see
_http://www.altamontsrc.org/alt_settlement.php_ (http://www.altamontsrc.org/alt_settlement.php) look on
the left side for a copy of the settlement
**************A Good Credit Score is 700 or Above. See yours in just 2 easy
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